|ISU European Figure Skating Championships 2018|
Figure skating - a speed skating sport, refers to complex co-ordination sports. The main idea is to move an athlete or a pair of skaters on ice with changes in the direction of sliding and perform additional elements (rotation, jumps, combinations of steps, supports, etc.) to the music.
Figure skating as a separate sport was formed in the 60's of the 19th century. and in 1871 was recognized at the I Congress of skaters. The first competitions took place in Vienna in 1882 among men of figure skaters.
In the years 1908 and 1920, figure skating competitions were held at the Summer Olympics. It should be noted that figure skating is the first of the winter sports that got into the Olympic program. Since 1924, figure skating has always been part of the program of the Winter Olympic Games.
From 1986 to the present, official international competitions in figure skating, such as the World Championship, the European Championships, the Four Continents Championship and others are held under the auspices of the International Skating Union (ISU).
In figure skating, 5 disciplines are singled out: male single skating, women's singles, figure skating, sports dances and group synchronized skating. Group synchronous skating has not yet been included in the program of official competitions, for this type of figure skating is a separate world championship in synchronized skating.